Postponed operation, migraine attack, malignant tumor or fracture, an intolerable pain can occur for various reasons. In this situation, it is not enough of Analgin or some folk remedies to make the pain syndrome disappear. Choosing more powerful painkillers is necessary.
Advantages of the tablet form.
The advantage of analgesics in tablets is the convenience of their use. Another plus is the lack of local reactions: redness, burning, itching or rash. Tablets are cheaper, the cost of a tableted form of drugs is slightly higher, it pays off without the need to purchase syringes, injection and pay for the services of a nurse.
When painkillers are prescribed.
Analgesics are prescribed for people experiencing severe pain syndrome. Previously, the doctor conducts some tests, the results of the analysis help determine what is the cause of the pain.
Analgesics can be prescribed without tests in the case of any surgical intervention, whether appendectomy, dislocation direction or simple tooth extraction.
Pain syndrome, requiring the use of analgesics, can occur as a result of the following reasons:
- in the postoperative period;
- muscular pain, back pain;
- pain in the joints, both in the hands and in the legs;
- fractures, bruises and strong sprains;
- painful periods (dysmenorrhea).
In case of painful menstruation doctors prescribe antispasmodics and derivatives of ibuprofen, and in the late stages of cancer, only opioid pain killers are helpful.
Classification of painkillers.
All existing types of analgesics are divided into two large groups: narcotic and non-narcotic. The first direction, which includes seven different species, became more widespread. Pyrazolones and their combinations “Simple analgesics” include products based on pyrazolones, including the well-known Analgin. The second name of the group is justified – pyrazolones are really simple and very common in the market, however they do not always help to get rid of the pain.
Combined painkillers combine the properties of several groups of analgesics. As the basis of the drugs is paracetamol, combined with other active substances. Groups determine the properties of the combined analgesic that it mixes: an anesthetic, anti-inflammatory or antispasmodic effect.
Help to get rid of the pain during a migraine due to vasodilator action, as well as an easy spasmolytic effect.
NSAIDs, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
NSAIDs have a strong analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic effect. They are prescribed for any inflammatory process: osteochondrosis, dental and muscular pain, arthritis, arthrosis, and rheumatism. The only negative side of NSAIDs is a negative effect on the gastric mucosa.
Inhibitors of COX-2.
The drugs of this group include NSAIDs, but with an essential distinctive feature: they do not harm the gastrointestinal tract, and on the contrary, they even protect the gastric mucosa. Inhibitors prescribe to people with peptic ulcer, gastric erosion, gastritis and other diseases, in which the use of conventional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is impossible for medical reasons.
Spasmolytic group of pain relievers helps to alleviate pain syndrome, dilating blood vessels and relaxing smooth muscles. Medicines help with the spasmodic pain of any kind: during menstruation, migraine, or stomach pain.
Opioid or narcotic analgesics are potent drugs, the purpose of which is justified only in case of acute and intolerable pain syndrome. Drugs inhibit the transmission of pain, and the human brain stops perceiving the pain syndrome, filling with euphoria and comfort. Since narcotic analgesics are addictive, they are sold exclusively on prescription and are prescribed only in case of the ineffectiveness of analgesics of other groups.