On October 20, 1997, the World Health Organization established World Osteoporosis Day to draw attention to the disease, which has become one of the most common, along with cardiovascular diseases, oncological pathology and diabetes.
Osteoporosis, in short, is a disease in which the bones become weak and brittle.
A healthy organism maintains a balance between the creation of new cells and the destruction of old cells. When metabolic processes in bone tissue suffer, destruction occurs faster than bone formation, bone density decreases and their micro architectonics is disrupted. The bones become fragile, the risk of fractures increases.
Osteoporosis is a “silent” disease: there is not much talk about it, unlike cancer or infarction. That is why people know little about this disease, and when it overtakes, they are completely unprepared for it.
Meanwhile, this is a global problem, because statistics say that about a third of all women and a fifth of all men after 50 years will suffer from the increased fragility of bones, and this is a huge part of the world population.
Many believe that osteoporosis catches up only in old age. However, life expectancy is constantly growing, and 50-60 years is quite an active age. People at 60 do not want to rest: they can continue to work, travel, go in for sports. But in fact already at fifty a person, especially a female, can have a first fracture.
US experts estimated that in the US, more women aged after 55 are hospitalized due to osteoporosis-related injuries than as a result of a stroke, heart attack or breast cancer.
In this case, most ladies of elegant age are much more concerned about their cardiovascular health and screening for malignant diseases than osteoporosis.
Many women in the first 5-7 years of postmenopause lose 3-5% of bone tissue per year. Unaware of the existence of the problem, the patient with fracture considers the accident as bad luck, not realizing that you need to start treating osteoporosis, and doctors are not always in a hurry to tell the wards about this need.
In any case, the US statistics on this score is also pessimistic: 96% of women, according to the study, after the first fracture were not informed by their doctors that this is an alarming signal.
Unfortunately, the disease can sneak up unnoticed. Most often, the first vertebral bodies suffer, and the fracture of one vertebra can proceed asymptomatically. Only when several adjacent ones are damaged, severe pain begins. It rises sharply and is provided through intercostal spaces in the anterior wall of the abdominal cavity. It happens with sudden movements of the body, coughing and sneezing.
In osteoporosis, the anterior parts of the vertebral bodies suffer from compression, the patient’s posture worsens, and growth decreases, scoliosis, kyphosis and cervical lordosis develop.
Severe pain in other bones of the skeleton is rare. But fractures can happen anywhere, and the most unpleasant of them is a fracture of the neck of the thigh, which in seniors is difficult to treat so it can lead to disability.
In postmenopausal women, multiple fractures of the ribs are common in osteoporosis.
In osteoporosis, doctors prescribe drugs that affect metabolism, stimulate bone formation and inhibit the process of bone tissue destruction.