Lush hair is the dream of every adult male. But in fact, by the age of 25, about 25% of European men have signs of baldness, and by the age of 50 – about 50%. Why is this happening?
Faced with this problem, men behave differently. Some are locking in themselves, starting to complex and trying to hide their hair loss somehow.
Others, more confident in themselves, make a bald spot part of their image. If those people who realized the principle of Dale Carnegie: “If you got a lemon, make lemonade out of it” were as much as possible, then maybe men who lose hair, would become more confident in themselves.
Abnormal or premature hair loss can be the result of various causes, including burns, scars and radiation exposure to the skin. Severe infectious diseases, such as scarlet fever, typhoid fever, skin diseases, can also cause baldness. The most common type of baldness is the gradual loss of hair, coming with age in most men. In this case, hard, dark, well-noticeable hair replaced by an imperceptible thin fluff. The most characteristic feature of such baldness is irreversibility and finality. Contrary to popular beliefs, hair growth cannot be caused by a haircut or shaving, walking without a headdress or rubbing tonics.
Also, baldness is an inherited trait transmitted by a genome, which depends on sex. If the gene is present, hairlessness will develop if there is a sufficient amount of testosterone – a male sex hormone that stimulates the growth of hair on the body and reduces their growth on the head.
Also as a result of the action of this hormone, men with an abundance of hair on the body tend to have hair loss on the head at an earlier age than the rest. Testosterone is present in all men, but only each third of them suffer from hair loss. The selectivity of the process is because the second key factor is the genetic code obtained by each person at conception. It is established that in 70-72% the gene of hair loss is inherited by the man on the maternal line: the mother passes it from her father to her son. In other cases, the gene for alopecia is inherited directly from the father.
By the age of thirty, most men have signs of baldness, which begins with bald patches on the crown of the head. The speed of the process can vary from year to year. In middle age, long periods of stable state are possible. As a rule, the earlier the front line of hair begins to recede; the faster starts complete alopecia.
However, you should not confuse all these reasons with a skin condition such as alopecia areata, in which partial or complete alopecia is observed. Despite the fact that the disease can last several months, healthy hair growth, as a rule, is restored.
Treatment of alopecia
In the late 1950s, the American dermatologist N. Orentrich proposed a technique for hair transplantation. Its essence lies in the fact that small bunches of the patient’s own hair are transplanted from the places of the head where they still grow to the bald places. Such transplantation can be very expensive, but despite the costs and pain of the procedure, its popularity is growing.
There are also other methods of treating baldness, for example, drugs that stimulate hair growth. But it is always necessary to remember that the choice of method is individual, therefore it will never be superfluous to consult a specialist.