Depression is a common disease worldwide. It affects about 350 million people. The severity of depression can range from shallow mood swings and short-term emotional reactions to regular problems in everyday life. That is why it is very important to be able to recognize the first symptoms of depression to seek professional help in time.
Depression is a common mental disorder characterized by decreased mood, loss of interest, or anhedonia, a sense of guilt or low self-esteem, a violation of sleep or appetite, a feeling of fatigue and poor concentration of attention. One in ten people suffers from severe depression, and almost one in five people suffer from this disorder throughout life. By 2020, depression will be the second leading cause of disability in the world, and by 2030 it will be the largest cause of diseases.
Types of depression.
“Endogenous” depression implies the absence of an identifiable cause. In this case, it is a chemical or biological disorder. That kind of depression occurs as a result of a person’s stress. The risk of this type of depression depends more on the severity of stress than on hereditary factors. Symptoms of endogenous depression are anxiety and insomnia.
Symptoms of depression.
People who suffer from depression tend to lose interest in the activities or hobbies that they previously enjoyed. Its one of the first symptoms that can be seen in a person with depression. Symptoms include constant feelings of sadness or hopelessness, fatigue, lack of motivation, problems with concentration, thinking or decision making, difficulty with falling asleep, social isolation, loss of appetite or overeating. In the fight against depression, some people can turn to alcohol for help. However, the use of alcohol produces a deceptive effect, because at first the mood improves and an illusion appears that everything is getting better.
Psychosomatic disorders are closely related to mental and psychological factors. Psychosomatic illnesses can be caused by emotional stress and grow with physical symptoms, usually when the human immune system becomes weak due to stress. Depression is full of physical symptoms. They can include chronic joint pain, pain in the limbs, back pain, gastrointestinal problems, fatigue, sleep disorders, changes in psychomotor activity and impaired appetite. These complaints can mask the actual signs of depression and make it difficult to diagnose.
Depression and work.
Depression is one of the top three problems for professionals to help employees. The first and second place occupied by family crises and stress. Often an employee with depression will not seek treatment because he is afraid of possible negative consequences at work, as well as fears of non-compliance with confidentiality on this issue. Many employees also don’t know that they have depression, or they fear that their insurance will not cover the costs of treating the disease.
Depression and “burnout.”
There are many similar symptoms in the syndrome of emotional burnout and depression. These symptoms include sadness, anxiety, loss of motivation, lack of satisfaction from achievements and loss of interest in past hobbies. One way to solve the problem of emotional burnout syndrome may be a job change, but a new environment or career opportunity will not help a person with depression feel better.
What you need to know about depression.
It is important to recognize the main symptoms of depression to get the most out of help and get the necessary therapy. Depression is a disease that requires a responsible and serious approach to treatment. Only a doctor can prescribe the necessary treatment and medicines.