Everyone at least once in a lifetime experienced discomfort during breathing, manifested as a cough or a feeling of lack of air, wheezing, unpleasant feelings in the chest. All these nonspecific at first glance symptoms can be a manifestation of bronchial asthma. It’s a chronic inflammation of the bronchi mainly of an allergic nature.
Inflammation leads to an increased ability of the bronchi to respond with bronchospasm or narrowing to any effect. It can be caused by inhalation of cold air or dust, sharp smells, strong emotions accompanied by crying or laughing, physical stress, as well allergens: pollen of plants, animals or insects, and products of their vital activity, bird feather, some food products, medicines, etc.
Slightly expressed bronchospasm may be manifested in a throat and paroxysmal cough, which in some cases pass by themselves. At the onset of the disease, this condition may occur only a few times a year and not cause concern. Inflammation slowly “smoldering,” the disease waits for the case to show itself in full force. Such a case can be a common viral infection, inhaling irritating particles or gases, general cleaning or even visiting friends who have a cat in their house. The reason can be insignificant, and the consequences will not keep you waiting: the present attack of suffocation develops. It is a state when something bubbles in your chest. Do not delay the visit to the doctor in the hope that this will not happen again!
What is an allergy?
People with bronchial asthma are of all ages, nationalities, and professions. What is the cause of the disease? We have already said that asthma is a chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract, and most often allergic. Every third person in the world suffers from an allergy now, and the most common allergic diseases are allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma, and skin diseases.
Allergy is a genetic condition in which specific substances – immunoglobulins – are produced in the body in response to the effects of allergens (pollen of plants, animal hair, etc.). With allergies, they are produced in large quantities, “stick” to special cells and wait for their hour, the next meeting with the allergen. If such a meeting occurs, cells “throw out” mediators of allergy, and a person has symptoms of a disease like a runny nose, rashes on the skin or shortness of breath. Non-allergic reasons that cause asthma symptoms include emotional stress, sudden changes in air temperature, infections, physical stress, sharp odors, certain medicines, foods, etc.
Asthma characterised by paroxysmal coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness and asthma attacks.
Strategy and tactics of struggle
First, all the meds and drugs must be directed to suppress inflammation in the bronchi, i.e., to carry out the so-called basic, anti-inflammatory, preventive treatment. Secondly, anti-inflammatory therapy should be prescribed as early as possible (once the diagnosis is “bronchial asthma”). Thirdly, it must be extended.
Most patients have the question “why?” Because the symptoms of the disease are not permanent, especially since the doctor does not promise to completely cure asthma.
The thing is that the inflammation that occurs in the walls of the bronchi not only causes symptoms (a cough, shortness of breath, dyspnea) but also disrupts the structure of the bronchi: they narrow, become less elastic and react worse to bronchodilators. That is why it is so important from the very beginning to actively treat inflammation.
The most effective medicines are hormones.
The most effective drugs for treating inflammation in bronchial asthma are hormones in the form of inhalations. Inhalation forms of both anti-inflammatory and bronchodilators are the most modern and safe way to treat asthma. However, it is important to remember that the effectiveness of the drug depends on whether it is applied correctly. The most frequently used metered aerosol inhalers are as follows:
- Intensively shake the can and remove the protective cap from the mouthpiece.
- Turn the inhaler down with the mouthpiece.
- Make a deep, quiet exhale and tightly grasp the mouthpiece with your lips.
- Slightly throw back his head, slowly begin to inhale and press the bottom of the can.
- Inhale as deeply as possible.
- Hold your breath for 10-15 seconds.
- Slowly exhale.
- If necessary, repeat the inhalation, following the same rules.
In addition to aerosol, existing powder inhalers, in which the medicine is contained in the form of a dry powder and released by the inspiratory force. For each specific powder product, an inhaler is made, which requires the observance of a particular technique. Therefore, before using such an inhaler, it is recommended that you read the instructions for the use of the drug very carefully.