Arthritis is an inflammatory disease of the joints. It holds one of the leading places in the classification of rheumatological diseases. So it is important to know the causes of arthritis and methods of preventing the disease.
The causes of the arthritis
If the cardiovascular disease affects life expectancy primarily, then rheumatological diseases affect its quality. Diseases of the joints are classified as diseases that often result in disability. Arthritis can go on to arthrosis, a disease in which a degenerative-dystrophic change in the tissues of the joints occurs. In such cases, it is often necessary to resort to joint prosthetics.
The development of arthritis is caused by a variety of factors: transferred infectious diseases (infectious arthritis), hypothermia, stressful situations, impaired metabolism, traumas (traumatic arthritis), excessive physical activity, bad habits, etc. Arthritis can also be caused by gout – joint disease, in which salts of uric acid accumulate in the joint cavities. Rheumatoid arthritis is an infectious-allergic form of the disease and often develops in middle and old age. Children under 16 years of age often have arthritis, the causes of which have not yet been clarified (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis).
Arthritis can occur in both acute and chronic forms. Acute arthritis can “twist” a person in a couple of days, and chronic – drag on for years, when the symptoms are disappearing, then again exacerbated.
Signs of arthritis and other joint diseases are:
- pain in the joints, their stiffness.
- swelling around the joint. It is caused by the outflow of additional lubricating fluid into the joint in response to irritation (inflammatory process).
- appearance of bone “knots”. Specific outgrowths appear more often in women older than 40 years. Sometimes such formations can be painless, sometimes – to cause pain.
Treatment and prevention of joint diseases
Early detection of arthritis and other rheumatological diseases allows avoiding disability. When pain or stiffness arises in the joints, it is important to immediately seek help: a disease in an already neglected state reduces the chances of successful treatment and increases the risk of disability. Initially, it will be necessary to undergo a series of examinations (X-rays, ultrasound, blood tests, etc.) to reveal the exact cause of arthritis.
Several specialists can take part in the treatment of the disease: the surgeon studies the tissues, the rheumatologist prescribes medication, physiotherapy treatment, recommends a diet and a regime of physical activity and will supervise the course of treatment of arthritis. The orthopedist will help to pick up special footwear.
The main starting points for the development of arthritis can be the use of alcohol and cigarettes, excess weight, sedentary and passive lifestyle, low immunity (frequent colds). Therefore, the methods for preventing arthritis are quite simple: take care of one’s health and throw bad habits, eat well, be physically active, rest more often and get rid of stress, and strengthen immunity.