Trileptal is an anticonvulsant. The drug effectively affects joints and muscles, relieving epileptic seizures, as well as other symptoms and signs of epilepsy.
The drug is used in monotherapy for the complex treatment of epilepsy. Medication can be prescribed for young patients, even for one-month-old. After oral internal administration, the drug is quickly absorbed and distributed to the tissues of the body.
The maximum concentration of the drug is reached after five hours after administration. At the same time, food does not affect the absorption and the rate of distribution of the drug. The drug can penetrate into the bloodstream, so it often becomes the cause of the manifestation of adverse reactions of the body from all systems of vital activity of the body.
Besides, the medication penetrates the placenta and into the breast milk, so you should not take the medicine for women during the period of bearing the baby and feeding the baby naturally. The metabolism of the drug occurs in the liver. The drug is excreted through the kidneys with urine. The time required to remove the drug is between two and three hours.
In elderly patients, the time to reach the maximum concentration, as well as the time to remove the drug, is significantly increased. However, such patients do not need a dose adjustment in the smaller direction. Correction is necessary only for kidney diseases. Children can be prescribed a drug, starting with one month.
Composition and form of release
The medication is produced in the form of tablets, which are intended for oral internal administration. Tablets can be 150, 300 and 600 mg. Also, the medication is released in the form of a thick solution, which is also used orally.
Indications for use
Medication is recommended for use with the following health problems:
- epileptic seizures of any complexity and form in adults and children aged one month;
- tonic-clonic seizures in adults and children over the age of two.
Method and features of application
Take the pill orally with plenty of drinking water. If it is difficult to take the whole tablet, it can be divided into two parts. The drug can be taken at any time. Children younger than three years, as well as patients who are hard to swallow solid forms of the drug, may use Trileptal in the form of a solution.
Start taking medication with a small dose, no more than twice a day. Then the dosage is gradually increased, depending on the reaction of the body to the drug. The recommended initial dosage is 600 mg per day. Then the dosage is gradually increased, but not more than 600 mg per week. Thus, the medicine is taken until the necessary therapeutic effect is obtained. Do not exceed the dosage of 2400 mg per day.
If you need to stop taking the drug, then you need to do this gradually, you can not abruptly stop using it. It is necessary to gradually reduce the dosage until complete withdrawal. The medication is not recommended for patients who are less than a month old since there is no information on the effect of the medication on infants of this age.
Elderly patients need a dosage adjustment only if they suffer from kidney disease. Patients suffering from the liver disease in mild form do not require special forms of drug use.