About Metoprolol

3.0 rating based on 84 ratings
Rating: 3.2 Reviews: 84
About Metoprolol

Metoprolol is used in the treatment of hypertension, which has no organic causes (essential hypertension), and cardiovascular problems.

What is the purpose of this ingredient?

  • Lower blood pressure for high blood pressure
  • relieve the heart after heart attack
  • Prevent migraine attacks
  • by relieving the heart from heart attacks
  • widen the coronary arteries and thereby promote the circulation of the heart muscle
  • Slow heartbeat

This is how Metoprolol works

Below you will learn more about the fields of application and the mode of action of metoprolol.
Please also read the information on the drug groups beta-blockers, antihypertensives, to which the active ingredient metoprolol belongs.

Applications of the active substance Metoprolol

Metoprolol is used in the treatment of hypertension, which has no organic causes (essential hypertension), and cardiovascular problems.

In addition, metoprolol is prescribed for heart disease associated with inadequate oxygenation of the heart muscle (myocardial insufficiency) and circulatory disorders of the coronary heart disease (coronary heart disease). In this context, metoprolol is used in stable, not causing discomforting angina pectoris.

Another area of use of the drug is cardiac arrhythmia associated with too rapid a heartbeat. Metoprolol can have a beneficial effect on these cardiac arrhythmias because it slows down the heartburn.

Metoprolol continues to be used in the acute treatment of heart attack to relieve the heart. After a heart attack, the drug is used preventively in long-term treatment to reduce the risk of further incidents leading to sudden cardiac death.

Beyond the potential of cardiovascular disease, metoprolol is the first choice for the prevention of migraine. When taken regularly, it causes the frequency and severity of seizures to decrease.

For the following application areas of Metoprolol , in-depth information is available:

  • arrhythmia
  • infarction
  • migraine
  • Hypertension
  • heart failure
  • Angina pectoris
  • Cardiovascular Disease

Mode of action of Metoprolol

The active substance metoprolol is a beta-blocker with so-called beta-1-selective properties. This means that it acts primarily on the beta-1 receptors. Beta-1 receptors are special binding sites of the sympathetic fibers of the autonomic nervous system, which are normally activated by the body’s own messengers adrenaline and norepinephrine. Metoprolol displaces these endogenous messenger substances at the receptors and thus suppresses their effect.

At the beta-1 receptors of the heart, the drug slows down the transmission of electrical impulses to the conduction system. This lowers the number of heartbeats and the amount of blood pumped during each heartbeat (heartbeat volume). As a result, the blood pressure drops significantly and the heart is calmed and thus relieved when the stress level is too high.

At beta-1 receptors in the kidneys, metoprolol cushions the release of the blood pressure enhancing hormone renin. So the blood pressure is additionally lowered.

The efficacy of metoprolol in preventing migraine attacks is directly attributed to inhibition of beta-receptors in the brain but is not fully understood.

Metoprolol is almost completely taken from the gastrointestinal tract after taking it as a tablet. However, metoprolol is subject to a pronounced so-called “first-pass effect”. This means that about half the amount of active ingredient is already degraded in the liver, before it is distributed through the bloodstream in the body and the site of action, for example to the heart, and can act there. The recommended dosage already takes this effect into account.

Potential Metoprolol side effects may include:

Metoprolol used to treat the following diseases:

  1. Harriet R. Silvers says:
    4.0 rating

    Metoprolol for Heart rhythm disturbances

    I am 19. Had my first ablation at AV 17 due to AV nodal reentry tachycardia, unsuccessful (numbness did not work from the cardiac catheter, trauma hurt scars remained). One day after my 18 the 2 ablation despite the bad experience. This time with success and diagnosis of congenital heart disease. Well, but sometimes to the drug Metroprololsuccinat. I take it again because my complaints are back. Because it is a fault that restores their line. My side effects of the drug are currently diarrhea, nausea, sluggishness, fatigue (if I sleep freely until 11/11: 30) otherwise before taking to 6, noon sleep at 15 o’clock to 17 o’clock and from 20 o’clock I often sleep again when I have no service. Feeling full, stinging in the chest when breathing, paleness, sweating a lot more, no thirst, loss of appetite and heavy feeling of the legs When running as if I had a block of it and in the evening with calm numbness with tingling. Well, I still live and take this medicine. Have a slower pulse 250 thus also low blood pressure and dizziness when standing up or lying down stoop. I take only 1/2 47.5mg already.

  2. Kristen D. Brown says:
    5.0 rating

    Metoprolol for High blood pressure

    I take medication with enalapril and metoprolol for 18 years. The effect is excellent, though over the decades I have seen a steady increase in the dose. My chronic hypertension has by no means improved after nephrectomy, so that the dosage level of initially 2.5 mg in the morning and 5 mg in the evening to 7.5 mg in the morning and 10 mg in the evening (enalapril from various manufacturers depending on the cash position) slowly increased. With Metoprolol I still need the same, sometimes only half the dose of 50mg. Side effects of enalapril in combination with metoprolol: weight gain, water retention, hair loss, recurrent atheroma in the groin area, which must be surgically removed; possibly occurrence of acne Inversa. Hair loss, acne, where I can not tell what favors. Slight depression, muscle weakness. Absetzerscheinungen: Never abrupt absetz- depending on the disease threatens myocardial infarction or ventricular fibrillation! Overall rating: Very effective drug combination in renal blood hypertension despite serious side effects. Ev. Additional intake of sodium chloride secreting diuretics, taking care that enough potassium and not too much potassium remains in the body.

  3. Robert S. Brown says:
    3.0 rating

    Metoprolol for High blood pressure

    I have been taking Metoprolol Retard 100 for 3 weeks and have been struggling with various side effects for a week. Tachycardia, headache, swollen ankles and feet, sleep disorders, anxiety and profuse sweating (I am already panicking when I have to wait somewhere). I switched my diet a few weeks ago but still increased maybe that has something to do with water retention in the legs. All the best

  4. Michael M. Potts says:
    2.5 rating

    Metoprolol for High blood pressure

    First 2 weeks only 25mg to get used to. Then increased to 50mg. Result was after a few days very strong, even on day disturbing tinnitus. Self-reduced to 25mg, slight improvement in symptoms. After check-up at the doctor have been put on new drug (ACE inhibitor – lisinopril).

    Side effects: Tinnitus
  5. Edna F. Davis says:
    3.0 rating

    Metoprolol for High blood pressure

    Have, nightmares, cold fingers and feet, blood pressure fluctuates, fears, weight gain, night awake to sleep and have high blood pressure, take a pill in the morning, muscle pain, poor chest, ,, feel no more fit, feel like tablet regulates something in the body, which is not consistent with me, I can not describe so aptly, I think a heart disease cries forward, pulse goes down far, than usual, 56 otherwise I had 68 feel better with a higher pulse, have all the examinations made, ECG; Blood test, since I take the tablets higher colestine 270, before 248 ,,,, no rheumatism

  6. Angela D. Aguilar says:
    4.0 rating

    Metoprolol for High blood pressure

    My SD was partially removed in 1993 due to knots. Unfortunately she grew up again during the year. Approximately I had rest for 6 years, then I got the same symptoms again. Especially the blood pressure and heart disturbances bothered me. Since I was also in menopause, the doctors said it would be the decline of female hormones …. But thought wrong. I had been treated wrong with SD hormones. And so the SD or the rest had to work hard and grew up..It then got the rest in the hospital – CT with iodine – and was then in overactive condition. Tachycardia, constant urination and fluctuating blood pressure, pressure in the eyes, sometimes hair loss. I always switched between over- and under-function. The calcium play was also not correct anymore, osteoporosis started and the psyche suffered. In April d. Year I then decided to remove the SD. Lt. Doctors are only the NSD still in it. First deep in the subfunction, then normal values and now again subfunction. In addition to the above-mentioned drugs, a fear-solving agent was added. Overall, I have gained 25 kg. I now have problems with my muscles, rheumatic complaints, can not sleep through and have nightmares. The blood pressure is like the weather. Badly set. First 100 mg L-thyroxine, then 150 mg, then 125 and now 137.5 mg. Such a back and forth. Nausea and listlessness are constant companions. But any means can trigger this NW. according to the leaflet, nothing is excluded. And doctors do not pay attention to weight or gender – as others have already described. And that many Pat. Have more than 50% SB due to rheumatism due to the SD removal, was also not mentioned. Dear doctors, do not think your patient is a nerd – listen to what they say and at least try to do a successful therapy. With understanding for the patient and not just the € signs in mind!

  7. Kristin R. Galvez says:
    1.5 rating

    Metoprolol for High blood pressure

    strong metabolic disorder, very strong weight gain and that 1 kg. per month, hunger, hunger attacks especially on sweet, edema in the legs u. hands, heart-flicker. I am very handicapped with very little movement. probably favored by the strong increase. Before the time with metoprolol I did not like anything sweet, not even as a little child; That’s why I ate at most once a year a small piece of chocolate. with the metoprolol I became addicted to sweet, no matter what sweet thing.

  8. Quincy K. Hutchings says:
    2.0 rating

    Metoprolol for Heart rhythm disturbances

    After 5 days of taking Tambocor 100 the libido and any feeling on the genital had disappeared. I then canceled Tambocor again, but the lack of feeling is still there after 3 days. I also had a total loss of sexual feelings during bisoprolol. Does anyone have similar experiences?

    Side effects: Libido loss
  9. George M. Carlson says:
    5.0 rating

    Metoprolol for Atrial fibrillation

    I take Metoprolol ZOT 50mg prolonged-release tablets for 2-3 years. Basically, the more I take, the rarer my atrial fibrillation but more side effects. Disadvantage: over 50mg per day fall off blood pressure and heart rate and I have erectile dysfunction. At 100mg / day the blood pressure is below 100/65 and the resting heart rate is below 48 / min. I therefore only take 50mg of metoprolol per day and ASS 100 protect per day. If I have atrial fibrillation, I get it with 2 Flecainidacetat AL 100mg tablets (immediate dose, Pil in the Pocket) within about 2.5 to 4 hours while lying back away.

  10. Nathan I. Blake says:
    5.0 rating

    Metoprolol for Heart rhythm disturbances; High blood pressure

    Amiodarone 14 days before ablation and since (previous cardioversion unsuccessful) Amiodarone significantly reduces the need for Marcumar (instead of 5 1/2 now 3 1/2 tablets) Side effects Amiodarone for me: drop in blood pressure (therefore Digitoxin and Diovan were omitted), pulse rate significantly reduced, fatigue, lack of drive, slight feeling of nausea, feeling of fullness (therefore not increased), vivid dreams, rarely nightmares Effect: spontaneous return to the sinus rhythm for hours under pulse and blood pressure increase 2. Ablation planned

  11. Tammy L. Gibbs says:
    4.0 rating

    Metoprolol for Heart rhythm disturbances

    In the beginning, I was pretty tired and tired, but after 2-3 days it improved and everything seemed fine, then after 2 weeks, the side effects came: heavy drop in blood pressure with dizziness every time you sit up or get up (even sitting out), Loss of appetite, heavy night sweats, pressure and shortness of breath even with little exercise, headache, constant fatigue, especially after eating so strong that I always need a nap thereafter. The actual effect, however, leaves much to be desired, continue to have the tachycardia, because of which it was prescribed.

  12. David P. Awad says:
    3.0 rating

    Metoprolol for Heart rhythm disturbances

    Striking are states of depressive mood, which I do not know otherwise, initially rather episodic, but persistent. Linked to: Drive weakness / Libidostörung.Bezüglich the above indication (s.oben), the drug helps well.

    Side effects: Depressions
  13. Anita T. Ferrara says:
    4.0 rating

    Metoprolol for Heart rhythm disturbances; High blood pressure

    So far, I have taken the drug Meto Hennig for several years and tolerated well. When I wanted to use the last recipe, the pharmacy employee Metoprolol gave me, as it is from the Krnakenkasse (in this case IKK direct) is required to always select the cheapest drug with the same ingredients. After a few days, nausea, a slight headache and a depressive mood set in.

    Side effects: Depressions; Headache; Nausea
  14. Julie F. Stuart says:
    2.5 rating

    Metoprolol for Sleep disorders; Depression; Migraine; High blood pressure

    Under Doneurin and Paroxat only the first 2-3 weeks have some side effects that are also easily tolerated.Metropolol has made in the beginning a little tired.Nortrilen side effects are still on and are among others Severe dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, difficulty concentrating, confusion, head noise, Aggressiveness.

  15. Kenneth D. Hernandez says:
    3.0 rating

    Metoprolol for High blood pressure

    Severe headache, dizziness, nightmares, joint and back pain (lumbar + pelvis), nausea, vomiting, massive diarrhea. Madness!! Already about 1.5 hours after taking the first Avalox 400 tablet I was really bad and my two knees began to hurt properly (Pulsating pain on the inner and outer bands). On the second day also the back in the lower lumbar spine area began to hurt very peculiar! That such a drug has even come on the market, triggers me only head shaking … After three days (3×400 mg Avalox) I was allowed to discontinue the drug after consultation with my family doctor. I have also been taking metoprolol (beta-blockers) for over 5 years to lower blood pressure and have never had side effects with this drug. Interactions between Avalox and metoprolol are not listed in the Avalox Package Leaflet. Due to this …