Description and principle of operation
The drug was first introduced in 1973 by the Swiss pharmaceutical company Novartis and has since gained popularity as one of the most effective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Diclofenac is characterized by three types of action:
- Pain Reliever
Diclofenac is known for its particularly strong anti-inflammatory properties. Its antipyretic effect is also quite strong. Often the drug helps when other medications do not work. Although its analgesic effect is not so powerful, so the drug is more suitable for the management of pain syndrome of mild to moderate strength.
The mechanism of action of Diclofenac is based on the fact that it suppresses the synthesis of prostaglandins and cyclooxygenase – substances that play an important role in the processes of inflammation. As a result, such unpleasant symptoms of inflammation as pain and swelling decrease. Also, the drug has the ability to regulate immunity. With prolonged use, antiallergenic properties of Diclofenac are manifested. After taking the tablets, the active substance is quickly absorbed into the blood plasma, and from there it enters the synovial fluid located in the joints.
Diclofenac tablets are designed primarily to reduce the symptoms of inflammatory processes in diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
- arthritis of various nature
- rheumatoid soft tissue damage
- herniated intervertebral disc
The drug is successfully used to relieve a moderate or weak pain syndrome under such conditions as:
- postoperative pain
Also, the drug is used when:
- inflammatory processes of the small pelvis
- complex therapy of infectious diseases of the respiratory system
Instructions for use
With post-traumatic and postoperative edema the patient can take the drug without consulting a doctor. In other cases, taking the medication is only possible after the doctor’s prescription. Do not engage in self-medication Diclofenac, because it has many side effects and contraindications, especially strongly manifested with prolonged therapy.
Food slows the absorption of the drug but does not prevent it. Therefore, if you need the fastest action of the drug, then the pill should be taken half an hour before meals. Otherwise, the tablets should be taken during or after a meal. The tablet should be swallowed without chewing and washed down with water.
Adults and children older than 15 years are recommended to take a tablet of 25-50 mg 2-3 times a day. The maximum daily intake for adults is 150 mg. With prolonged therapy and in mild cases, the dose can be reduced to 75 mg.
For tablets, the optimal daily dose is 100 mg. The course of treatment with tablets should not exceed two weeks.
Dosage is calculated individually, depending on the disease and age. It is not recommended to give 50 mg tablets to children.